Building your own cloud with OpenStack – overview

Over time, I have worked with a couple of different commercial cloud platforms like AWS, DigitalOcean, GCP, Paperspace or Packet.net. Even though these platforms are rather well documented, there comes a point where you would like to have more insights into the inner workings of a cloud platform. Unfortunately, not too many of use have … Continue reading Building your own cloud with OpenStack – overview

Virtual networking labs – building a virtual router with iptables and Linux namespaces

When you are trying to understand virtual networking, container networks, micro segmentation and all this, sooner or later the day will come where you will have to deal with iptables, the built-in Linux firewall mechanism. After evading the confrontation with the full complexity of this remarkable beast for many years, I have recently decided to … Continue reading Virtual networking labs – building a virtual router with iptables and Linux namespaces

Virtual networking labs – Open vSwitch in practice

In the last post, we have discussed the architecture of Open vSwitch and how it with a control plane to realize an SDN. Today, we will make this a bit more tangible by running two hands-on labs with OVS. The labs in this post are modelled after some of the How-to documents that are part … Continue reading Virtual networking labs – Open vSwitch in practice

Virtual networking labs – a short introduction to Open vSwitch

In the previous posts, we have used standard Linux tools to establish and configure our network interfaces. This is nice, but becomes very difficult to manage if you need to run environments with hundreds or even thousands of machines. Open vSwitch (OVS) is an Open source software switch which can be integrated with SDN control … Continue reading Virtual networking labs – a short introduction to Open vSwitch

Virtual networking labs – overlay networks

In the last post, we have looked at virtual networking on the Ethernet level. In modern cloud environments, a second class of virtual networks has gained importance, which uses higher level protocols to tunnel Ethernet frames. These networks are called overlay networks, and we will start to look at them in this post. VXLAN - … Continue reading Virtual networking labs – overlay networks

Virtual networking labs – virtual Ethernet networks with VLAN tags

In the previous posts, we have mainly been looking at virtual networking within one single physical hosts. This is nice, but to build cloud environments, we need to establish virtual networks across several physical hosts. In this post, we will start to look into technologies that make this possible and learn how VLAN tagging supports … Continue reading Virtual networking labs – virtual Ethernet networks with VLAN tags

Virtual networking labs – more on bridges

In the previous post, we have seen how a software-defined Linux bridge can be established and how it transparently connects two Ethernet devices. In this post, we will take a closer look at how to set up and monitor bridges and learn how VirtualBox uses bridges for virtual networking. Lab 6: setting up and monitoring … Continue reading Virtual networking labs – more on bridges